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SOIL CONSERVATION ACT, enacted 1935 (by Raj Kadiyala)

Soil conservation is a concept that has been ignored until quite recently (early 1900s). Prior to this, no one cared or expressed any worry about the soil that they used for agricultural land. In fact, it wasn’t until Hugh Bennett, a soil scientist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, published Soil Erosion: A National Menace in 1928 that the possibility of the soil degrading with continuous use was considered. Ironically, although Bennett made a convincing argument, no one responded in a productive manner or showed any genuinely-aroused concern towards this important environmental issue. But everyone learned their lesson when the Dust Bowl came and went in 1934; at which point, soil erosion became one of the most prevalent environmental issues. Fortunately, this natural disaster led directly to the enactment of this act in 1935, which pushes to control and prevent the wastage of land/soil and moisture in order to avoid other disasters similar to the menacing dust bowl.

SUMMARY: For the general welfare of the nation, and in order to prevent other natural disasters similar to the dust bowl, the land we own should be used sparingly, and should not be wasted.



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Hugh Bennett
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Soil Erosion Occurances in 1933



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How soil erosion looks like
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Book that Bennett wrote



RESOURCES:

1) http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/about/history/articles/hugh_hammond_bennett_an d_the_creation_of_the_soil_erosion_service.html


2) http://www.answers.com/topic/soil-conservation-and-domestic-allotment-act

Soil Coservation Act (1935, Joe Schubring)
  • Hugh Bennet wrote a book, Soil Erosion: A National Menace, in 1928 that flagged the government to do something about the eroding soil.
  • In 1929 Congress authorized soil conservation experiment stations.
  • In 1933 the government established the Soil Erosion Services (SES) to provide farmers with planning assistance and equipment, seeds, and seedlings.
  • In 1935, the government passed the Soil Conservation Act.
  • When the government created the act, Congress recognized that the wastage of soil and moisture resources on farm, grazing, and forest lands of the Nation, resulting from soil erosion, is a menace to the national welfare.
  • The ultimate goal was "to provide permanently for the control and prevention of soil erosion and thereby to preserve natural resources, control floods, prevent impairment of reservoirs, and maintain the navigability of rivers and harbors, protect public health, public lands and relieve unemployment."