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1780s Thomas Malthus
1890 U.S. Government declares frontier closed
1891 Forest Reserve Act (1891)
1892 John Muir (1892), preservationist
1892 Sierra Club
1900 Lacey Act (1900)
1900-1909 Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (early 1901-1909 The Golden Age of Conservation)
1902 Reclamation Act (1902)
1905 Audobon Society, founding of (1905)
1905 Gifford Pinchot (1905)
1906 Antiquities Act (1906)
1908 Svante Arhenius (1908)
1910 Alice Hamilton (1910?)
1916 Woodrow Wilson and National Park Service Act (1916)
1918 Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918)
1930s Franklin D. Roosevelt (early 1930s stuff … think history class!)
1933 Civilian Conservation Corps (1933)
1933 Tennessee Valley Authority (1933?)
1934 Dust Bowl begins in Midwest (1934)
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1962 Rachel Carson (1962 publication)
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Page by: Jennah Jodoin + the previous author
A Naturalist and Scientist, Rachel Carson wrote the book
in 1962, which is a major turning point in environmental history.
is an in-depth look into the effects of pesticides or what she liked to call “biocides”. Carson said DDT caused not only birth-defects in birds, but was harmful to humans, too. She predicted that insects are would eventually become resistant to DDT, which we now know to be true. This is a turning point because Carson was one of the first to beg the question, “What about the environment?” Although ‘going green’ has only just recently become popular, the idea of pollution and keeping our Earth clean comes from Carson. Despite criticism from chemical and pesticide distributers, she helped to start the environmentally friendly revolution.
THE BEGINNING OF THE MODERN ENVIRONMENTAL ERA
Over increasingly large areas of the United States spring now comes unheralded by the return of birds, and the early mornings are strangely silent where once they were filled with the beauty of bird song."
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