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1780s Thomas Malthus
1890 U.S. Government declares frontier closed
1891 Forest Reserve Act (1891)
1892 John Muir (1892), preservationist
1892 Sierra Club
1900 Lacey Act (1900)
1900-1909 Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (early 1901-1909 The Golden Age of Conservation)
1902 Reclamation Act (1902)
1905 Audobon Society, founding of (1905)
1905 Gifford Pinchot (1905)
1906 Antiquities Act (1906)
1908 Svante Arhenius (1908)
1910 Alice Hamilton (1910?)
1916 Woodrow Wilson and National Park Service Act (1916)
1918 Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918)
1930s Franklin D. Roosevelt (early 1930s stuff … think history class!)
1933 Civilian Conservation Corps (1933)
1933 Tennessee Valley Authority (1933?)
1934 Dust Bowl begins in Midwest (1934)
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1969 Santa Barbara Oil Spill (1969)
Santa Barbara Oil Spill
One of the biggest oil spills in the U.S. occurred on January 28, 1969. The spill lasted weeks off the coast of Summerland, California in the Santa Barbara Channel. More than 80,000 barrels, or 3 million gallons, of crude oil was spilled. The spill started as a blowout below a Union Oil Co drilling platform and ended up covering 35 miles of coastline. An estimated 3686 birds were killed from the spill along with many seals and dolphins.
This spill is a major part of what started the United States environmental movement. After this oil spill there was more environmental legislation than there had been any other time in history.
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