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1780s Thomas Malthus
1890 U.S. Government declares frontier closed
1891 Forest Reserve Act (1891)
1892 John Muir (1892), preservationist
1892 Sierra Club
1900 Lacey Act (1900)
1900-1909 Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (early 1901-1909 The Golden Age of Conservation)
1902 Reclamation Act (1902)
1905 Audobon Society, founding of (1905)
1905 Gifford Pinchot (1905)
1906 Antiquities Act (1906)
1908 Svante Arhenius (1908)
1910 Alice Hamilton (1910?)
1916 Woodrow Wilson and National Park Service Act (1916)
1918 Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918)
1930s Franklin D. Roosevelt (early 1930s stuff … think history class!)
1933 Civilian Conservation Corps (1933)
1933 Tennessee Valley Authority (1933?)
1934 Dust Bowl begins in Midwest (1934)
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1973 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (1973)
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Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
-The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (C.I.T.E.S) is an international governmental agreement that sets limits to worldwide trading of animal and plant species.
-C.I.T.E.S. was created in 1963 by members of the IUCN (the World Conservation Union) and was finally put to action on July1, 1975.
-The agreement wants to prevent the extinction of animal and plant species that are becoming threatened as their specimens are in high demand among trading affiliations.
- This international agreement includes countries such as Africa, Asia, Central and South America, Europe, North America, and Oceania are involved. These countries have become aware with the dangers of a species survival and would like to ensure that trade involving these species will not threaten their survival.
- C.I.T.E.S protects 5,000 animal species and 28,000 plant species. The species are placed in one of three appendixes or groups depending on the type and amount of protection they need.
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