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1780s Thomas Malthus
1890 U.S. Government declares frontier closed
1891 Forest Reserve Act (1891)
1892 John Muir (1892), preservationist
1892 Sierra Club
1900 Lacey Act (1900)
1900-1909 Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (early 1901-1909 The Golden Age of Conservation)
1902 Reclamation Act (1902)
1905 Audobon Society, founding of (1905)
1905 Gifford Pinchot (1905)
1906 Antiquities Act (1906)
1908 Svante Arhenius (1908)
1910 Alice Hamilton (1910?)
1916 Woodrow Wilson and National Park Service Act (1916)
1918 Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918)
1930s Franklin D. Roosevelt (early 1930s stuff … think history class!)
1933 Civilian Conservation Corps (1933)
1933 Tennessee Valley Authority (1933?)
1934 Dust Bowl begins in Midwest (1934)
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1973 Endangered Species Act (1973)
fish and wildlife service
By: Edlyn Yan 6th hr.
What Is The ESA?
- Under this act, species showing signs of becoming endangered may be listed as so.
- All types of organisms may be listed except for insects that cause damage and annoyance to society.
The species has a risk of going into extinction throughout all of its habitats across the world.
The species has a risk of becoming endangered.
- 1,985 species are listed as endangered under this act. Out of those endangered species, 1380 species are found in the United States.’
- Was originally passed to try and prevent more extinctions and to help populations grow and thrive.
- The goal is to get endangered animals back to the sustainable, natural numbers.
- The act was passed in December 28, 1973.
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Commerce Department’s National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) established this act.
- Written to replace two other acts:
Endangered Species Conservation Act
Endangered Species Preservation Act
- The currect act has been amended many times already.
The Purpose of the ESA:
- Protect and restore endangered species and restore their habitats.
- Protects the species from being taken without authorization.
- Allows land to be purchased to make endangered populations grow again.
- Prosecutes individuals that violate the written agreements in the act.
- Monetary rewards will be given for those who catch the poachers.
- Prohibits the government from passing laws that will bring harm to the species.
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