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1780s Thomas Malthus
1890 U.S. Government declares frontier closed
1891 Forest Reserve Act (1891)
1892 John Muir (1892), preservationist
1892 Sierra Club
1900 Lacey Act (1900)
1900-1909 Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (early 1901-1909 The Golden Age of Conservation)
1902 Reclamation Act (1902)
1905 Audobon Society, founding of (1905)
1905 Gifford Pinchot (1905)
1906 Antiquities Act (1906)
1908 Svante Arhenius (1908)
1910 Alice Hamilton (1910?)
1916 Woodrow Wilson and National Park Service Act (1916)
1918 Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918)
1930s Franklin D. Roosevelt (early 1930s stuff … think history class!)
1933 Civilian Conservation Corps (1933)
1933 Tennessee Valley Authority (1933?)
1934 Dust Bowl begins in Midwest (1934)
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1984 Bhopal, India, Union Carbide accident (1984)
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Bhopal Disaster (Merchant, Ashna)
Deadly Gas Leak
December 2-3, 1984
Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Tank # 610 contained 42 tons of methyl isocyanate (MIC), this was above the limit that the safety rules allowed. During the nights of December 2-3, a large amount of water entered tank #610. This caused a runaway reaction (when an increase in temperature, changes conditions, that causes the temperature to increase further). The temperature increased inside the tank to over 400°F. This increase in temperature forced the emergency venting of pressure from the MIC holding tank. This
released a large amount of toxic
gases. This process was sped up because of the iron that was from the corroding pipelines. This caused more damage
died, 3,787 confirmed deaths
, 15,000 estimated.
Pollution, which killed many plants and animals.
Many disabilities have come about in people and animals.
TOTALLY AVOIDABLE TRAGEDY ... ALL THE COMPANY HAD TO DO WAS WARN THE PEOPLE OF THE LEAK.
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