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Basel Convention -1989


  • Reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations
  • Prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries
  • Minimize the amount and toxicity of wastes generated

The convention was opened for signature on March 22, 1989 and entered into force on May 5 1992. There are 173 parties who participate in the convention and of those, Afghanistan, Haiti, and the United Sates.


Nations that havesigned and ratified,along with nations that havesigned but have not ratified the agreement

Why it was formed?
n the late 1980s, a tightening of environmental regulations in industrialized countries led to a rise in the cost of hazardous waste disposal. Searching for cheaper ways to get rid of the wastes, “toxic traders” began shipping hazardous waste to developing countries and to Eastern Europe. When this activity was revealed, international outrage led to the drafting and adoption of the Basel Conven

Basel Convention 1989- Daniel Jiang

  • The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, otherwise known as the Basel Convention, was specifically designed to minimize the movement of toxic waste between countries and to prevent transfers of waste from developed countries to developing countries. The act signed on March 22, 1989 in Basel, Switzerland and was effective on May 5, 1992.

  • The Basel Convention came into effect because of the tightening of environmental laws and an increased cost of disposing waste. This led to many developed countries taking advantage of developing countries, paying them off for space to dump their waste.

  • There are 51 signatories and currently 173 parties involved with the Basel Convention.

  • At their most recent meeting in 2006, the Conference of the Parties of the Basel Agreement focused issues of electronic waste and the dismantling of ships.