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1780s Thomas Malthus
1890 U.S. Government declares frontier closed
1891 Forest Reserve Act (1891)
1892 John Muir (1892), preservationist
1892 Sierra Club
1900 Lacey Act (1900)
1900-1909 Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (early 1901-1909 The Golden Age of Conservation)
1902 Reclamation Act (1902)
1905 Audobon Society, founding of (1905)
1905 Gifford Pinchot (1905)
1906 Antiquities Act (1906)
1908 Svante Arhenius (1908)
1910 Alice Hamilton (1910?)
1916 Woodrow Wilson and National Park Service Act (1916)
1918 Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918)
1930s Franklin D. Roosevelt (early 1930s stuff … think history class!)
1933 Civilian Conservation Corps (1933)
1933 Tennessee Valley Authority (1933?)
1934 Dust Bowl begins in Midwest (1934)
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1989 Exxon Valdez
oil pollution act
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The Exxon Valdez (by Tom Pawlicki)
The Exxon Valdez was a shipping container carrying 53million gallons of crude oil. The captain of the ship saw that the normal shipping lane was blocked by heavy ice. So he ordered the ship to head out of the shipping lane in order to avoid the dangerous ice. Unfortunately they forgot to avoid the just as dangerous Bligh Reef. On March 24, 1989 the Exxon Valdez ran a ground causing 10million gallons of crude oil to spill into Prince Edward Bay.
The Exxon Valdez sourrounded by :booms" to help contain the oil
The oil was then spread through out the bay. A storm then brewed and 70mph winds blew the oil out of the bay causing the oil to impact an estimated 1,100miles of coast line and impacting 11,000 square miles of oceanic water.
The impact on the local ecosystem was also enormous. With beaches and water full of oil many animals couldn’t survive. 35,000 bids and 1,000 otter carcasses were discovered, and this is considered to be only a small part of the dead animals because dead animals sink.
Over all the loss of marine life was huge and initial recovery took $2.1billion and 3 years, but this disaster led to the awareness of environmental protection and conservation.
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