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Pages and Files
1780s Thomas Malthus
1890 U.S. Government declares frontier closed
1891 Forest Reserve Act (1891)
1892 John Muir (1892), preservationist
1892 Sierra Club
1900 Lacey Act (1900)
1900-1909 Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (early 1901-1909 The Golden Age of Conservation)
1902 Reclamation Act (1902)
1905 Audobon Society, founding of (1905)
1905 Gifford Pinchot (1905)
1906 Antiquities Act (1906)
1908 Svante Arhenius (1908)
1910 Alice Hamilton (1910?)
1916 Woodrow Wilson and National Park Service Act (1916)
1918 Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918)
1930s Franklin D. Roosevelt (early 1930s stuff … think history class!)
1933 Civilian Conservation Corps (1933)
1933 Tennessee Valley Authority (1933?)
1934 Dust Bowl begins in Midwest (1934)
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1990, 1994 Oil Pollution Act
Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (Emily Kwederis)
-The OPA was signed into law in August of 1990 in response to a
public concern for the Exxon Valdez incident
(Large oil spill in the Bligh Reef of the Prince William Sound in Alaska.)
The OPA was put into law so we could better
prevent and respond to oil spills
by setting up ways to expand the federal governments’ ability to provide money and resources to respond and help with oil spills.
The OPA created the national Oil Spill Liability Fund (which provides up to a billion dollars every time there is an oil spill).
The OPA requires all oil facilities and vessels to follow the Federal government plans to show how they will respond to large oil spills.
The OPA also requires the development of Area Contingency plans to prepare for oil spills regionally. In addition they increased penalties for not following the rules, and preserved state authority for establishing laws and rules about oil spill prevention and response.
OPA amended the Clean Water Act (which established goals about eliminating toxic substances from our waters) and addressed the problems associated with preventing, responding to, and paying for oil pollution incidents.
The OPA set up new requirement for planning. The Nation Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) expanded so: the Federal government is required to direct response efforts; areas must develops clean up and prevention plans and owners and operators of vessels and facilities must prepare for their own response plans
Oil Pollution Act 1994 (Chase Huston)
The Oil Pollution Act (OPA) was signed into law in August 1990, largely in response to rising public concern following the Exxon Valdez incident in which over 11 million gallons of Alaskan crude oil was spilled into the water of Prince William Sound.
The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 amended the Clean Water Act and addressed the wide range of problems associated with preventing, responding to, and paying for oil pollution incidents in navigable waters of the United States.
The OPA also created the national Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund, which is available to provide up to one billion dollars per spill incident.
The OPA requires oil storage facilities and vessels to submit to the Federal government plans detailing how they will respond to large discharges.
The law stated that companies must have a "plan to prevent spills that may occur" and have a "detailed containment and cleanup plan" for oil spills.
The Exxon Valdez incident occurred on March 24, 1989 and forced Americans to amend the Clear Water Act of 1972, resulting in the Oil Pollution Act of 1990.
The OPA was signed by president George H. Bush in August of 1990.
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