KyotoProtocol (1997)By: Meghan RobinsonBy: Ashley Miller

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Who? Requires 55 Industrialized countries. Developed and developing countries can participate as well.

  • The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement that binds industrialized countries to reduce their Green House Gas emmissions to help reduce climate change.
  • The Goal of the Protocol is to reduce world emmissions of GHG by 5.2% below the total emmissions in 1990.
  • There are three Kyoto mechanisms for meeting targets: Emissions Trading (“carbon market”), Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), and Joint Implementation.
  • Emissions Trading allows countries that have extra emissions units to sell them to countries that are over their targets.
  • Clean Development Mechanism allows countries to start projects for emission’s reduction in developing countries and this will count towards meeting their target.
  • Joint implementation allows countries to earn emission reduction units from projects in another county equivalent to one ton of CO2 that can then be counted towards meeting the country’s target.
  • Help stimulate green investment in a cost effective manner.
  • The protocol countries’ actual emissions must be monitored very closely and all trades must be accurately recorded.
the kyoto protocol
the kyoto protocol

When & Where? Adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on December 11th 1997 and open for signature on this date. Actually put into action February 16th 2005.

Why? This protocol is an important first step towards lowering global emissions and creates the structure for international agreements on climate change in the future.

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Kyoto Protocolby: Chaitanya Kanitkar
·Kyoto Protocol is a set of rules for member countries aimed to help fight climate change.
· Member countries are committed to the reduction of four main greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and sulphur hexafluoride.
· Each country is also required to send an annual report of all greenhouse gas emissions form the country under the protocol.
· One of the greatest problems with the protocol is that the United States of America has not ratified the treaty. This is a major problem since the U.S contributes to a major part of the worlds greenhouse emissions.