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1780s Thomas Malthus
1890 U.S. Government declares frontier closed
1891 Forest Reserve Act (1891)
1892 John Muir (1892), preservationist
1892 Sierra Club
1900 Lacey Act (1900)
1900-1909 Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (early 1901-1909 The Golden Age of Conservation)
1902 Reclamation Act (1902)
1905 Audobon Society, founding of (1905)
1905 Gifford Pinchot (1905)
1906 Antiquities Act (1906)
1908 Svante Arhenius (1908)
1910 Alice Hamilton (1910?)
1916 Woodrow Wilson and National Park Service Act (1916)
1918 Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918)
1930s Franklin D. Roosevelt (early 1930s stuff … think history class!)
1933 Civilian Conservation Corps (1933)
1933 Tennessee Valley Authority (1933?)
1934 Dust Bowl begins in Midwest (1934)
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London Killer Fog events (1880, 1892)
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LONDON KILLER FOG (1952)
What- Severe pollution in the air, from a think layer of coal smog.
When- Event Occurred in December of 1952. From Friday the 5th to Tuesday the 9th.
Why- This was a result of a period of cold weather combined with anticyclone conditions, and pollution in the air in the form of smog from a high amount of coal use.
Result- The smog disappeared after Tuesday the 9th mainly because of a change in the weather.
London Killer Fog (1880-1892)
In the mist of the Industrial Revolution, the citizens of London had not yet experienced the toll of pollution from burning coal. Factories and homes had been burring coal for years in order to provide heat and power. On the 26th of January, 1880 a thick, slow moving fog draped over the city. The fog consisted of a toxic mix of sulfur dioxide and combustion partials. It stayed in London for a total of three days, and took approximately 11,776 lives. Although the fog horrified those in the city, nothing drastic was done to prevent these kinds of acts from happening until much later. Fog came back to London in February 1882, December 1891, December 1892 and November 1948 killed thousands. It wasn’t until 1952 that people began to act in prevention. In this year, another great fog came to London, this one just as deadly as the on in 1880. It limited visibility not only in streets, but in the homes of citizens. This fog was responsible for approximately 12,000 deaths, and led to the Clean Air Act in 1956.
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