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Pages and Files
1780s Thomas Malthus
1890 U.S. Government declares frontier closed
1891 Forest Reserve Act (1891)
1892 John Muir (1892), preservationist
1892 Sierra Club
1900 Lacey Act (1900)
1900-1909 Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt (early 1901-1909 The Golden Age of Conservation)
1902 Reclamation Act (1902)
1905 Audobon Society, founding of (1905)
1905 Gifford Pinchot (1905)
1906 Antiquities Act (1906)
1908 Svante Arhenius (1908)
1910 Alice Hamilton (1910?)
1916 Woodrow Wilson and National Park Service Act (1916)
1918 Migratory Bird Treaty Act (1918)
1930s Franklin D. Roosevelt (early 1930s stuff … think history class!)
1933 Civilian Conservation Corps (1933)
1933 Tennessee Valley Authority (1933?)
1934 Dust Bowl begins in Midwest (1934)
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Sierra Club (1892)
About John Muir
John Muir (1838-1914) was America's most famous naturalist and conservationist. He is also one of California's most important historical personalities. He has been called "The Father of our National Parks", "Citizen of the Universe", Wilderness Prophet." As an explorer, he is famous for his exciting adventures in California's Sierra Nevada, Alaska's glaciers, and world wide travels in search of nature's beauty. As a writer, he has taught millions the importance of enjoying and protecting our natural wildlife. His writings contributed greatly to the creation of Yosemite, Sequoia, Mount Rainier, Petrified Forest, and The Grand Canyon National Parks. Muir has many places named in his honor such as the Muir Woods National Monument, the John Muir Trail, and Muir College (UCSD).
His words and deeds helped inspire President Theodore Roosevelt's innovative conservation programs, including establishing the first National Monuments by Presidential Proclamation, and Yosemite National Park by congressional action.
, John Muir and other supporters formed the Sierra Club "to make the mountains glad." John Muir was the Club's first president, an office he held until his death in 1914. Muir's Sierra Club has gone on to help establish a series of new National Parks and a National Wilderness Preservation System.
The Sierra Club now has over 1.3 million members and supporters and it is the oldest, largest, and most influential environmental organization in the United States.
John Muir with President Theodore Rosevelt
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